This test measures the time a person can stand while holding a two-pound dumbbell in each hand with the arms at 90 degrees of shoulder flexion and the elbows extended. Eur Spine J. 2006, 15 (12): 1785-1795. 10.1007/s00586-006-0158-0.View ArticlePubMedGoogle ScholarGoh S, Price RI, Leedman PJ, Singer KP: The relative influence of vertebral body and intervertebral disc shape on thoracic kyphosis. There was no significant difference between groups for changes in other domains of the Qualeffo or in AQoL scores. These results need to be confirmed in a larger sample.
Measures of participant-perceived change in back pain were presented descriptively. Significant benefits were seen in the physical function domain of the Qualeffo which is not surprising given that the treatment focused on techniques to address physical impairments. The intervention group attended individual sessions with an experienced clinician once a week for 10 weeks and performed daily home exercises with adherence monitored by a self-report diary. Eight of the 11 participants (73%) in the intervention group attended all 10 treatment sessions with the other three attending four, eight and nine sessions. This study was a single assessor-blinded randomised controlled pilot trial. Similarly, the intervention group showed significantly greater improvements in the Qualeffo physical function score compared with the control group.
Given a potentially-modifiable component to the kyphosis, our intervention program incorporated postural retraining, and exercises to improve range of thoracic extension and strength of the back extensor and posterior shoulder musculature. These between-group differences in change in pain were significant. The engine was resurrected for the Le Mans prototype and increased in size to 5.7 litres. Osteoporos Int. 2007, 18 (10): 1389-1395. 10.1007/s00198-007-0398-9.View ArticlePubMedGoogle ScholarBriggs AM, Greig AM, Bennell KL, Hodges PW: Paraspinal muscle control in people with osteoporotic vertebral fracture.